Italy, vintage 2014 report
Edited by Assoenologi.
In Italy the Assoenologi (Italian official association of professional oenologists) estimates a total production of 40 million hectoliters of wine for the vintage 2014. A quantity reduction by 17% compared to last year, which registered a production of 48.2 million hectoliters (Istat data), and by 11% when referring to the average of the past five years (2009-2013) - with 2011 and 2012 vintages that have been the scarcest of the past 50 years. Overall, 2014 was a difficult year with various critical conditions and Assoenologi estimates that there will be very few excellences. The positive weather trend in September and October has improved the quality but could not turn the situation around. According to Assoenologi Veneto region remains the more productive Italian region with a forecast of 7.8 million hectoliters. Veneto, Emilia Romagna, Puglia and Sicily together will produce 23.6 million hectoliters in 2014, nearly 60% of all Italian wine. In Tuscany, as in the rest of the country, the climate has not granted respite, with a mild winter 2013 -2014, during which the temperature never dropped below 0 °, which was followed by one of the coolest and most rainy summers from 1800.
The main vine and grape diseases (downy mildew, powdery mildew and botrytis) have found an optimal environment for their development.
This has forced producers to act with adequate and repeated treatments against the virulence of the attacks that, where not blocked, have decimated the quantity and quality.
Most of the wineries have been forced to make a strict selection of the grapes on the vines and a careful selection in the cellar, which has lowered the quantity of the product to protect the quality.
Walking among the vine rows, particularly in the DOCG areas, the amount of clusters to the ground was evident.?The above implies that the quality in 2014 will cost more because, in addition to the increasing costs of the repeated treatments in the vineyards, it forced producers to renounce to a substantial amount of production to obtain quality wines.
Italian wine is still the world's best-seller. The data on exports processed by Assoenologi for the first half of 2014 recorded an additional increase in both value and volume, mainly due to the expansion of bottled wine and the brilliant performance of the classic premium wines (Tuscany and Piedmont) and sparkling wines, which increased, mainly thanks to Prosecco, by more than 15.6% in value and 20.1% in volume.
Source: Assoenologi – www.assoenologi.it