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Ecological orientation 

Organic Procedures in Castellani Estates

NATURAL VITICULTURE

 In our Estates we usenatural cultivation and vine training method. It is an integrated method that uses viticulture practises of various organic, ecological and biological systems, supported by a wide research and experimental program aiming to the development of new methods that reduce the impact of chemical and mechanical interference on soils and vines.

 

BASIC TECHNIQUES

- Process of the soil: we preserve the natural herbs that grow in our vineyards, to reduce the impact of the mechanical work and relative compression of the soil and for a better dynamic and competitive balance of the various herbaceous species.

- Fertilization: we use only natural fertilizers based on organic substances, no-treated. Furthermore we process a wide use of “sovescio” technique, consisting in putting under soil the Vicia Faba Equina at the end of the flowering, when, in the month of April, the main part of the azoth fixes in the plant , the bacterial activity of the soil and the low budding of the vine starts .

- Irrigation: we do not use any artificial irrigation of the vineyards; our cultivation aims to strengthen the roots system of the vine to reduce the water stress in particularly dry summer period.

- Control of the vine’s diseases: we do not use any chemical insecticides.We do control dangerous insects with an alternativemethod that consists in spreading specific pheromones of species harmful to the vines, especially the tignola (lobesia botrana) to avoid the mating on the area and the consequent deposition of the eggs at the origin of the fungine diseases. No use of fungicides: we use products with a natural basis: copper and sulphur, for oidio and peronospora, bacillus turingensis for tignola, natural antagonists of the fungine diseases and harmful insects.

- Ecological equilibrium: we avoid the intensive cultivation of vines, adopting the traditional methods of integration of the vineyard to wide area of forest, olive trees, acacia and canes. We breed wild species like hares that are a great witness of the ecological equilibrium. The hare does not reproduce in polluted environments. We also breed species of fish in lakes and vases that gather the water of drainage from the vineyards.We protect all other wild species that naturally live in our vineyards.

 

HUMAN INTERVENTION

 We try to favour the direct human intervention in all the cultivation phases: pruning, leafs control,selection of grapes and hand picking.
We host group of people with handicaps, part of programs of psycho-physic therapy through horticulture.

 

SELECTION OF THE VINES

 We reimplant our new vineyards with vines obtained from “selezione massale”, directly reproduced with controlled methods from our historical vineyards. An official experimental research on autochthon vines is conducted togheter with the University of Pisa, and Arsia (regional Agency for the Agricultural Development) in the Poggio al Casone Estate.A unique experimental vineyard to nurse the selected clones is planted in the same estate.

 

ACTUAL EXPERIMENTS

- Production of autochthon vines and selection of varietals in extinction.

- Production of wines made from grapes cultivated with organic method, treated with the only protective tool of Propolis.

- Production of a wine that does not contain sulphites.

 

CELLAR TECHNIQUES

- Use of the technique with minimum impact on the structure and taste of the wines.

- Minimum use of selected yeast

- Minimum use of sulphur dioxide

- Minimum use of filtration

- Soft handling of the grape, must and wine.

- High technology during bottling with the use of nitrogen and vacuum.

  • Sustainability and innovative packaging

    A special solution for the new organic wine Toscano Santa Lucia

    A fresh vintage red with fruity characteristics that goes well with Mediterranean cuisine. The novelty of the "Toscano" is in the packaging that uses an original and innovative solution "twist to open" which is called HELIX™, the ideal solution for an organic wine bottling, focusing on sustainability and reduction of energy and CO².

     

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    2014, May 16 · Ecological orientation ·  Share

  • Castellani for Autism

    Rosso di Sera, a wine in support of the association Autismo Pisa Onlus

    Among the risks linked to air pollution should be added the one to have children with autism, syndrome with an alarming growth trend: to confirm this is the important study of the Harvard School of Public Health. Castellani Spa, which works and produces according to the principles of sustainable viticulture and spreading the ecological culture, has decided to support the association Autismo Pisa Onlus through a wine called "Rosso di Sera", produced and bottled in the maximum respect of the environment...

     

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    2013, Oct 29 · Ecological orientation ·  Share

  • An insect which had gone missing…

    Rediscovered thanks to the activity of scientific research conducted in the vineyards of Poggio al Casone.

    From the early '900 it hadn't been seen. The only specimen observed and captured until today is in the entomological collection of the University of St. Petersburg and dates back to 1903. It is a tiny insect of the order "Hymenoptera", belonging to the family Braconidae. To be precise, the scientific name of this microscopic animal is Ecclitura primoris Kokujev (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Euphorinae).

     

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    2013, Jul 24 · Ecological orientation ·  Share

  • Biological control in the vineyards

    In Poggio al Casone we are experimenting with many natural methods

    Mating disruption as a method to stop the action of an insect that is very damaging to grapes: the grape berry moth. Andrea Lucchi, entomologist, professor at the University of Pisa, studied for a long time the way to fight pests.

    Mating disruption as a method to stop the work of an insect that is very damaging to grapes: the grape berry moth.

    Andrea Lucchi is the professor (entomologist) at University of Pisa, which has been studying for years how to fight pests. For about ten years he studied with great attention this method and he thinks that it is very efficient and "convenient" from the point of view of environmental protection.

    A method that touches us closely because in Poggio al Casone it has been adopted since several years with interesting results.

    But how the confusion works? The tignolette females produce specific odors that serve to attract males. Over the years, research has been able to synthesize this smell and copy it. In this way it is possible to interfere with communication between females and males: attracted by the smell males are confused because they do not find the female.

    All this means that they do not mate and reproduce. No more larvae and then no more attack on the grapes.

    Lucchi tells us that he began to experiment with this system (which now involves 1.5 million hectares of implementation in the world) in a beautiful production company in central Tuscany that gave impetus to many territories.

    Another advantage of this "combat" is that, according to professor, we are adopting a teaching method that requires to go to the field and do the checks, and therefore gives a greater ability to intervene when problems arise.

    "The sexual confusion - says Lucchi - forces you to go into the vineyard, and then to know your vineyard. It is an investment in quality!"

    But you can not run the risk of trivialize this method with a simple equation: mating disruption = less moth = less chemical = less stressed grapes.
    Lucchi immediately points out that all has to be demonstrated.

    A demonstration on the vineyard is possible with the use of malaise traps: a kind of tent is installed with a jar with alcohol at the top of it. The combined effect of the light and the detecting of the output from the trap by the insects, they fall right into the only way, the jar.

    This way it is possible to carry out a census of the "population" of the vineyard, which is useful not only for the evaluation of sexual confusion but also to understand the life that is in the same vineyard, or biodiversity.

    This opens up another important chapter: biodiversity is also the subject of a study that can help us to understand the world that live in the vineyards. In this case, our company is a privileged one because the estate of Ceppaiano is a study field of this type.

    A very important application, as pointed out by Lucchi, and of which we are very proud of as a company.

    Get back shortly for more updates!

     

    2012, Dec 20 · Ecological orientation ·  Share

  • Awarded with “Toscana Ecoefficiente” logo

    The “Toscana Ecoefficiente” is an award given to a company that invests for environmental sustainability.

    This year the Regione Toscana has indicated the Castellani winery, the only company of the province of Pisa and in the entire Tuscan region which has received this award this year, for its attention to environmental sustainability with the reporting of good practices in Toscana Ecoefficiente awards.

     

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    2012, May 29 · Ecological orientation ·  Share

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The vineyard of Santa Lucia Estate is located about 100m above sea level at the intersection of the Arno and the Era Valleys on ancient downspouts land consisting of layers of tufaceous sands and gravel; a land which reveals at times the meeting between the river and the sea, which is now located about 25 kilometers to the west, also rich in stone and fossil shells.

 

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It is made following the traditional vinification method. Colour, ruby red colour with purple reflections. Intense and distinctive bouquet, with violet and black berry fragrance. Taste, filled with soft, plummy red fruit set up by light tannins. Perfect companion of all the traditional pasta dishes, grilled pork and stuffed meat rolls.

 

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Eco_logic

An insect which had gone missing…

From the early '900 it hadn't been seen. The only specimen observed and captured until today is in the entomological collection of the University of St. Petersburg and dates back to 1903. It is a tiny insect of the order "Hymenoptera", belonging to the family Braconidae. To be precise, the scientific name of this microscopic animal is Ecclitura primoris Kokujev (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Euphorinae).

 

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